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Moneta Limited deals in rare coins, medals, banknotes and bullion, offering a wide selection of coins to suit both collectors and investors. With prior experience in several top firms, we are very well placed and follow the market very closely to spot market trends.


We aim to offer our clients high quality coins and advise collectors about buying or selling individual items or collections. We dedicate ourselves to serving the needs of our customers and constantly travel around the world to acquire fine pieces.

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We participate at global auctions and trade fairs in the course of buying or selling such precious specimens, which concerns especially globally renowned auction houses in Switzerland, England, Germany, the USA, Denmark, France, Finland, Sweden, Belgium and in Asia (Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore).


Every concluded trade with a client takes place on the basis of absolute discretion and with all guarantees. The entire trade is completely transparent and the client can continuously monitor the purchasing process or participate in the calculation of prices for current auctions.


The Roman Republic

Marcus Antonius and L. Livineius Regulus. Aureus 42, AV 7.96 g. M·ANTONIVS – III.VIR·R·P.C Head of M. Antonius r. Rev. L·REGVLVS – IIIIVIR·A·P·F Hercules seated facing on rock, holding spear and sword, with lion's skin draped over lap; on r., shield decorated with gorgoneion. Babelon Antonia 25 and Livineia 3. C 25. Bahrfeldt 48.7 and pl. VI, 15 (this coin illustrated). Sydenham 1103. T.V. Buttrey "The Triumviral Portrait Gold of the Quattuorviri Monetales of 42 B.C.", NNM 137, 1956, 48.7 (this coin). Sear Imperators 143. Calicó 90 (this coin). Biaggi 52 (this coin). RBW –. Crawford 494/2a.


Extremely rare, undoubtedly the finest of fifteen specimens known of which only five are in private hands. In exceptional state of preservation for an issue which is normally found in modest condition. A magnificent portrait struck on a broad flan and with a delightful reddish tone. Extremely fine


Ex Rollin & Feuardent 25-30 April 1887, Ponton d'Amécourt, 38; Hirsch 18, 1907, Imhoof-Blumer, 491; Bourgey 1958, Perret, 69; Leu 22, 1979, 185 and NAC 73, 2013, Student and his Mentor part II, 224 sales. From the collection of Sheikh Saoud Al Thani.


The portrait aurei of 42 B.C. are devoted to the three members of the second triumvirate – Octavian, Antony and Lepidus. All were produced by four moneyers, Clodius, Mussidius, Varus and Regulus, and Buttrey's proposal that the four moneyers struck in the same year has generally been accepted. Each moneyer struck portrait aurei for each triumvir, making it a comprehensive series. The aurei of L. Livineius Regulus are unique within the group because they are not die linked with coins of the other three moneyers. This aspect, taken with the unusual characteristics of some of Regulus' silver coins, allowed Buttrey to argue that Regulus was the primus, or leading member, of the college of four moneyers. If so, the coins of Regulus may have been struck first, with those of Clodius, Mussidius and Varus following in a manner that allowed them to be die linked among each other. Based upon the inscription PRAEF.VR on one of Regulus' denarii, Buttrey suggests Regulus was serving as the praefect of the city of Rome in 42 B.C., and that his duties included control of the coinage when consuls were absent. Thus, Regulus out of necessity may have become one of the moneyers so he could perform his expanded duties as praefect. Regulus' portrait aurei were carefully conceived, as the reverse type associated with each triumvir refers to the divine forbearers of the men: Octavian claimed descent from Venus, which is implied by Regulus' type of Aeneas carrying Anchises; Lepidus counted Mars among his ancestors, which is alluded to by his type depicting the Vestal Virgin Aemilia; and Antony is said to have been descended form Hercules, who is shown on the aurei Regulus produced for him. As Buttrey points out, offering descent from a divinity as a qualification for authority was not original to this series; similar overtures had been made on earlier coinage by Sulla (with Venus), Pompey (with Neptune) and Julius Caesar (with Venus). However, Regulus' coins show a strengthening of that trend, and imply that "...the Fortune of the city was to be assured by divinity as it were made flesh." The portrait die of this specimen was paired only with one reverse die, assuring us that it did not have a particularly long life. Stylistically it is perhaps the finest of all the Antony portrait dies employed by these moneyers. The inscription IIII VIR A P F is instructive, if not entirely clear. It almost certainly abbreviates quatuorviri argento publico feriundo or quattuorvir auro publico feriundo, with the latter representing the first time gold was included as part of the regular issues – something of a landmark in the development of Roman coinage.

The Roman Republic

L. Cornelius Sulla Imperator with L. Manlius Torquatus Proquaestor. Aureus, mint moving with Sulla 82, AV 10.45 g. [L·]MANLI – PRO Q. Helmeted head of Roma r. Rev. Triumphator, crowned by flying Victory, in quadriga r., holding reins and caduceus; in exergue, L·SVLLA·IM. Bahrfeldt 13. Babelon Manlia 3, Cornelia 38. Sydenham 756. Calicó 16. RBW Crawford 367/4. Very rare. Struck on a very broad flan and unusually complete. Two minor nicks, otherwise extremely fine


Ex Santamaria 1938, Venturi-Ginori and Gariazzo, 201. Ex Leu 10, 1974, 5 and NAC 73, 2013, Student and his Mentor part II, 110 sales. From the collection of Sheikh Saoud Al Thani.


In the Roman Republic gold coinage was struck only on rare occasions. It was introduced during the Second Punic War, when Rome and her Italian allies struggled to defeat the Carthaginian invader Hannibal, and it was not struck again for nearly 125 years. This next occasion was a crisis that equally tested the Romans, for they suffered an uprising of their Italian allies in 91 B.C., and for the first time Roman armies invaded the capital. The circumstances behind these terrible events had long been forming. For centuries Rome had relentlessly subdued its neighbours, and in the process it had constructed a system of alliances which allowed her to collect taxes and levy troops every year. It was a double-edged sword for the allies – while it was better to join Rome than to oppose her, Rome could only remain powerful because it used their young men for its conquests. There were several levels of alliance membership, and neighbouring cities within the same regions often had a very different status. The ultimate prize for Rome's Italian federates was obtaining Roman citizenship, and in 91 B.C. that cause was taken up by the tribune Livius Drusus. But his swift and brutal murder dashed all hope and a rebellion erupted throughout Italy. Leading the way were the Samnites, a fierce people living in the hills and mountains near Rome. After suffering initial defeats, Rome was able in 90 and 89 to satisfy most of its former allies with promises of Roman citizenship (which, remarkably, remained unfulfilled until the census of 70). Though Rome pacified most of its opponents, the Samnites continued to resist, and in 88 even appealed to king Mithradates VI of Pontus for help. Mithradates sent financial aid and, in the meantime, he caused the murder of 80,000 Romans and Italians living in Asia before ravaging Roman territories in Asia Minor and Greece. These two crises – the resistance of the Samnites and the aggressions of Mithradates – set the stage for a conflict between the Roman warlords Sulla and Marius. Through many tribulations, Sulla overcame all of his opponents, in part by unleashing Rome's own armies against the capital, something which had never before occurred. Sulla was able to impose what later Roman historians called the Regnum Sullanum, a dictatorial era during which he executed his enemies with appalling cruelty. However, he eventually restored the senate's power, and in 79 retired to Campania shortly before he died. This rare aureus celebrates the triumphs Sulla was awarded for his defeat of Mithradates, and of the Samnites at the Battle of the Colline Gate in 82. On the reverse a triumphal quadriga bears the figure of Sulla, who is crowned by a Victory flying above. The inscription L SVLLA IM makes it clear that Sulla is the figure in the quadriga. This aspect should not be overlooked, for it is an early example of a Roman coin depicting a living person – something that would eventually become a defining feature of coins of the Imperatorial period. In this aureus we have a precursor to the royal portraiture initiated by Julius Caesar nearly four decades later. Also, since this coin was issued either contemporarily or soon after Sulla's triumphal procession through the streets of Rome, it serves as a document of that great event.

The Roman Empire
Issues related to the Victory in the Battle of Actium

Aureus, uncertain Eastern mint early-mid January 27 BC, AV 8.15 g. CAESAR DIVI F COS VII Bare head r.; below neck, small capricorn. Rev. AEGVPT / CAPTA Crocodile r. C 1. Bahrfeldt 112 and pl. X, 24 (these dies). BMC 655 (these dies). RIC 544 (these dies). CBN 935 (these dies). Sear Imperators 434. Kent-Hirmer pl. 35, 124. Calicó 158 (these dies).


Of the highest rarity, only the fourth specimen known and one of only two in private hands.

A portrait of fine style, minor marks in field and a very light scratch on crocodile's body on reverse, otherwise about extremely fine

Ex NAC sale 59, 2011, 870.


Every sale has bargains and for NAC 59 this was it. I was prepared to bid much higher for this incredibly important and rare coin. This piece is worthy of consideration for the best collections. Really a rare piece and in great condition. Odds are you'll never see another come up for sale! MSG.


Egypt would play a surprising role in the imperatorial period throughout much of the civil war. Having been under Ptolemaic rule since the death of Alexander the Great it would come down to the manipulative Cleopatra VII to try and save her dynasty. Shown on coinage not to be the great beauty that has been portrayed in film she was rather a master at playing her odds to maximum success. And Egypt itself would be: the scene of the first romance between Caesar and Cleopatra; the site of the killing of Pompey the Great; the place where Cleopatra captivated Marc Antony and showed him "how to live as a king"; and it would be the place where Antony and Cleopatra would finally die.


Cleopatra had seduced Julius Caesar and managed to secure her right to rule with his support when he settled the dispute with her young brother Ptolemy XIII. She was staying in Rome as a "guest" of Caesar at the time of his assassination. She was able to return to Egypt and watch things play out between the successors of Caesar and the last loyalists to the republican cause. When it became clear that the Caesareans would win she formed an allegiance with Marc Antony.


It must have seemed a fortuitous move on her part when Antony divorced Octavia and wed her. Surely if Antony could maintain his power she would continue to rule Egypt unimpeded. She had placed great reliance on this relationship by supplying Antony with both funds and ships to support his efforts against Octavian. It must have come as a complete surprise that she gave Octavian just the ammunition that he needed to declare war on Antony and, in the process, gain the blessing of the Roman senate. Overtly, war was declared on Cleopatra – not Antony.


It came to the point where she could now see what a great risk she had taken. Her only hope was that Antony would prevail and her dynasty would be preserved. The battle of Actium would prove to be the turning point in the battle between the two triumvirs. Antony was significantly supported in this battle by ships supplied by the queen and when the battle was lost so, in turn, was any remaining hope that she had chosen the correct alliance.


It is reported that in a last ditch effort she offered herself to Octavian with the hope that she could salvage Egypt. It was not to be and Cleopatra was eliminated and Egypt was lost. It is important to recognize that the new province of Egypt was not to be owned by Rome but to be the personal property of Octavian. The wealth of this territory would not fill the coffers at Rome but rather the pockets of the, soon to be, emperor himself.


The role of Egypt as a major supplier of grain would increase with Roman control. It would become a key factor in managing the ever growing population of Rome itself. Here the coin says much but in a most interesting way. Egypt was indeed captured, but not for the empire. It was captured for Octavian. It had to be a most personal of coin types for the sole survivor of the civil war. The historical importance of this coin cannot be overstated. MSG

The Collection of Roman Republican Coins
of a Student and his Mentor Part III

Julius Caesar. Aureus, mint moving with Caesar 13 July 48-47 BC, AV 8.55 g. Female head r., wearing diadem and oak wreath; in l. field, ℵ?II. Rev. CAE – SAR Trophy with Gallic shield and carnyx; in r. field, axe. Bahrfeldt 17 and pl. III, 17 (these dies). Babelon Julia 25. Sydenham 1008. Sear Imperators 10. Calicó 41 (this coin). Biaggi 26 (this coin). RBW –. Crawford 452/1.


Extremely rare and among the finest of only ten specimens known. A coin of tremendous fascination and historical importance. Two almost invisible marks on obverse, otherwise about extremely fine


NAC 46, 2008, 416; NAC 31, 2005, 3; Glendining's 1951, Ryan part IV, 1568 and Ex Hess 1935, 31 sales.
From the Nordheim, William H. Williams and Biaggi collections.


This aureus was struck at the height of Julius Caesar's campaign against Pompey and his allies, which climaxed on 9 August, 48 B.C., when Caesar defeated Pompey at the battle of Pharsalus. It is a self-promotional coinage that names only Caesar and bears the reverse type of a trophy of Gallic arms and armor. This design not only celebrates his success in the Gallic Wars, but it diverts attention from Caesar's less honorable civil war against his fellow Roman Pompey.An unusual feature of this coinage is the numeral LII on the obverse. It is generally accepted to represent Caesar's age, 52, at the time this coinage was struck. Sydenham believed Caesar was born in 102 B.C., and thus concluded this issue was struck in Gaul while Caesar was still in that province. The general consensus, though, is that Caesar was born in 100 B.C., which places this coinage in the year commencing 13 July, 48 B.C. Whether it was struck as a prelude to the Battle of Pharsalus or in its aftermath is not known, but it certainly was associated.

This was the first aureus any Roman had struck for more than a generation, with the previous ones being issues of Sulla and Pompey in the late 80s and late 70s B.C. It is typical of gold of the Imperatorial age in that it was struck under extraordinary circumstances, and though these aurei are very rare today, they must have been struck in large quantities since the companion denarii with the same design survive in large number.

The identity of the female on the obverse is far from certain. The goddess or personification wears an oak wreath, and she has been described as Venus, Pietas and Clementia. The uncertainty of her identification is echoed by Caesar's most substantial issue of aurei, from c. 46 B.C. (Cr. 466/1), which bear on their obverse a veiled female head normally described as Pietas or Vesta.

The Offer of Rare Coins

Holy Roman Empire, Matthias II. 1612 - 1619, Extremely rare 12 Ducats 1620 K - B, probably unique specimen

Roman Empire, Gold Medallion of 4 Aurei, part of a donative distributed after April 20, Rome 308 A.D. in honor of the first consulship of Maxentius.

Austria monarchy: Privilegirte Oesterreichische National-Bank 100 Gulden 1847, P.A77, extraordinary rare note in great condition!

Czechoslovakia, very rare 10 Ducats 1951 in top condition